The simplest way to achieve zero loss mining is to mine through the public sector. The Mines & Minerals (Development & Regulation) Act has a provisio permitting states to reserve areas (or even the entire state) for public sector mining. Here’s the official list from the Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM) of areas reserved in this manner. Gujarat, in 2009 under then Chief Minister, Narendra Modi, reserved the entire state for the public sector for bauxite mining (other than areas where prospecting or mining leases existed). We argue that the same should be done for all major minerals with immediate effect in Goa.